Facts every man should know

Looking out for are getting up more at night to urinate, dribbling before or after urinating, and a weak urine flow.

Is age a factor?

Prostate problems usually affects men over 50 and approximately half of this age group also show signs of prostate enlargement.The largest number of cases is diagnosed in those aged 70 to 74.

What is a PSA test?

If your GP wants to rule out prostate problem he will probably suggest that you have a PSA test. This is a blood test that measures the level of a protein called Prostate specific antigen (PSA). PSA is produced in the prostate gland and found in small amounts in the blood.

Is there a genetic link?

Look at your family tree. Has your father, grandfather, uncle or brother had prostate problems? If this is the case, then you have a greater risk of developing the disease

It's hoped that in the future genetic profiling will be developed in order to identify men with a high risk.

Tell your GP if any family members have had the disease so you can be given regular blood tests to monitor your PSA.

Eat more

Try to eat six portions of brightly coloured fruit and vegetables a day. Include three portions of oily fish a week, such as salmon, herrings, mackerel or sardines, which are rich in vitamin D and essential fatty acids, omega-3 and omega-6.

There is evidence that selenium, a trace mineral, helps lower the risk of prostate problem by combating cell damage. Selenium is found in broccoli, Brazil nuts, seafood, asparagus, brown rice and onions.

Selenium can also be taken in supplement form and works best when combined with vitamin E and zinc.

Mediterranean men have a lower prostate problems rate and this is believed to be down to a food rich in fruit and vegetables, garlic, olive oil, fish and tomatoes.

Tomatoes contain a bright red pigment called lycopene, a powerful carotenoid antioxidant, which helps to repair damaged cells.

Drink plenty of the right stuff

Japanese and Chinese men have very low levels of prostate problem and green tea is thought to be one reason why. This is because it's rich in polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties.

Alcohol and fizzy drinks are rich in sugar, which can pile on the pounds. Instead, you should try to drink six to eight glasses of water each day to help flush out the kidneys and keep the body hydrated.

Be active

Exercise helps to balance hormone levels, prevent obesity and boost the immune system. And it's never too late - studies have shown that exercise is still beneficial for men who have been diagnosed with prostate problems and are receiving treatment for it.

Scientists found that maintaining a normal weight and good food regime helps live longer. Results of the trial, involving over 900 men, showed that overweight men with prostate problem doubled their risk, compared to men who maintained a normal weight.

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Health professionals recommend a controlled daily serving of natural progesterone to improve prostate health.

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